Cyprus (Greek: Κυπρική), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπρική Δημοκρατία), is an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean with Nicosia as its capital, located in the center of the island, and its largest city. The country is divided into Northern Cyprus (Turkish part) and Greek part. English and Turkish are the official languages. Greeks are Orthodox and Turkish Cypriots are Muslims.
The island of Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sardinia and Sicily. Cyprus is one of the most touristic places in the Mediterranean. Due to its strategic location, the island has historically been attacked by various empires, including the Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Iranians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, and Arabs. Alexander the Great separated Cyprus from Iran in 333 BC.

The island has been divided since 1974, when the Turkish army invaded northern Cyprus in response to a Greek coup. Cyprus is world famous for its temperate climate. Also, the refreshing history and long beaches make this island a suitable place for those who are looking for peace, water sports, and discovering the unknown. Clear blue waters, pristine lands, and calm beaches are the most important features of Northern Cyprus. Another important reason for the popularity of Northern Cyprus is the large presence of people from most parts of the world such as Northern Europe, Western Europe, the United Kingdom, Russia and emigration from Iran began in 2011. By 2019, more than two thousand families for this purpose and the academic environment of Northern Cyprus, many families have chosen Cyprus to immigrate to continue their education and the future of their children.

Cyprus enjoys the healthiest and best climates of the temperate Mediterranean regions, with hot, dry summers and mild Mediterranean winters and rainy winters. The average number of sunny days on this beautiful island is 320 days a year. The island's summer climate lasts from mid-May to mid-October and its mild, rainy winters last from December to February. Short spring and autumn weather conditions also complete the four seasons on the island..

 

The following are some weather tips for Cyprus by months of the year:

December - January: Winter months of Cyprus. Has cold evenings and nights

February - March: Occasional rain, with cool evenings and hot, sunny days

April - May: It has a pleasant heat during the day, which is slightly reduced at night.

June - July - August: Hot summer months with cloudless skies as temperatures rise to 40 degrees Celsius.

September - October: with warm days and cool evenings. November: Sunny days with warm weather

The island of Cyprus with an area of 9250 square kilometers, after Sicily and Sardinia, as the third largest island in the Mediterranean, is located in the east of the sea and at the confluence of three continents: Europe, Africa and Asia. This small island has always been attractive to tourists due to its ideal location and the presence of pristine and beautiful beaches and areas covered with soaring cypresses and pine forests and in general with its unique beauty.

Northern Cyprus, meanwhile, is located in the north of the island of Cyprus, 40 miles south of Turkey, at the nearest coastal point. The island of Cyprus is 240 km long at its longest and 100 km wide at its widest point. The Turkish coast is located 75 km north of Cyprus. Various sources have listed Cyprus geographically, sometimes as part of Europe, sometimes as part of West Asia, and sometimes in the Middle East. Cyprus has hot and humid summers and mild winters. About 12.% of its land is under cultivation and it contains citrus, potatoes, wheat, olives and barley. Raising sheep, goats and pigs is also common. Cyprus industry is not very advanced and includes handicrafts and local. Tourism is an important source of income for Cyprus. The island of Cyprus has two main mountain ranges, Mount Troodos and the smaller mountain of Kyrenia. The central plain between this mountain range is called Masauria. This plain is irrigated by the river Padhios, which is the longest river on the island. The Troodos Mountains cover most of the south and west of Cyprus and cover about half of the island. The highest point in Cyprus is Mount Olympus, which is located in the center of Mount Troodos and is 1952 meters high. The wider mountains of Kyrenia, located along the northern shores of the island, occupy a much smaller area than Troodos, and its heights are lower. The highest point of Kyrenia is 1024 meters above sea level. The island of Cyprus is geologically part of the Anatolian plate. The Greek Cypriots are in the southern part and the Turkish Cypriots are in the northern part of Cyprus, separated by a border called the "Green Line" that stretches as far as Nicosia (Lefkosa); and divides the capital of northern and southern Cyprus into two parts. There are currently five border crossings that are open to citizens 24 hours a day.

Northern Nicosia (Lefkosa)

Nicosia is the only capital in the world after Berlin, which was divided into northern and southern parts in 1960 after the Cyprus political crisis. Northern Nicosia or Lefkosa is the capital of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Lefkosa is the largest non-coastal city in Northern Cyprus, with almost half of Cyprus's historical heritage. Lefkosa is the location of all government departments and embassies and consulates of countries in Northern Cyprus and does not have a beach. The administrative center of Northern Cyprus is Lefkosa.

Girne

The port of Kyrenia is a small and beautiful tourist town whose houses are often villas and the tall building is rarely seen. The city is in fact the summer residence of wealthy Cypriots and wealthy people from all over the world who have bought holiday homes on this lush island. Kyrenia is the most important city on the northern coast of Cyprus. The old port of the city and the castle of the city are the most well-known parts of it. Historical attractions along with natural and cultural sights have made Kyrenia one of the main tourist destinations.

Cyprus (Greek: Κυπρική), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπρική Δημοκρατία), is an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean with Nicosia as its capital, located in the center of the island, and its largest city. The country is divided into Northern Cyprus (Turkish part) and Greek part. English and Turkish are the official languages. Greeks are Orthodox and Turkish Cypriots are Muslims.

The island of Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sardinia and Sicily. Cyprus is one of the most touristic places in the Mediterranean. Due to its strategic location, the island has historically been attacked by various empires, including the Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Iranians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, and Arabs. Alexander the Great separated Cyprus from Iran in 333 BC.

Northern Cyprus has internationally renowned universities and colleges around the world. Many students travel to this country every year to continue their studies. Prominent universities in Northern Cyprus include Cyprus International University and the Eastern Mediterranean University. Eastern Mediterranean College is also a college with international standards
All graduates of these schools are able to continue their studies at all universities in the world, including the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States of America, etc.

Depending on the needs of the tourism department, the Cyprus School of Tourism offers a variety of disciplines from undergraduate to doctoral. Depending on their academic level and interest, each person can study in these fields. It should be noted that the Cyprus School of Tourism at the Eastern Mediterranean University EMU has an excellent ranking and level not only among the universities of the region but also internationally. The tourism industry is composed of a wide range of disciplines and professions and the field is very wide

The education system of Cyprus has improved significantly in recent years, and this factor has led to the admission of Cypriot graduates to the best universities in the world at any time or to the best job opportunities. Cyprus schools are generally divided into public and non-profit schools. Both types have a strong and modern educational system. Composition of students in the classrooms of Cyprus schools and universities are a mix of Cypriot and English speaking students.

Studying in Cyprus is an affordable international higher education. Studying in schools in Cyprus Many parents pay attention to their child's education abroad because the language of study in Cyprus is English and more than 85% of the people in the country are fluent in English. It should be noted that many people in this country have completed their university education in the UK, which has led to a high academic ranking in this country. The proximity of Cyprus to Iran is one of the benefits of studying in Cyprus schools